Dental Care – (Oral Hygiene)

The aim of oral hygiene is to prevent the build-up of plaque, the sticky film of bacteria and food which forms on the teeth. Plaque adheres to the crevices and fissures of the teeth also creates acids which, when not removed on an everyday basis, slowly eat a way, or rust, the protective enamel surface of the teeth, causing holes (cavities) to shape. Plaque also irritates gums and will cause gum disease (periodontal disease) and tooth loss. Toothbrushing and flossing remove plaque from teeth, and antiseptic mouthwashes kill a few of the bacteria that help sort plaque. Fluoride-in toothpaste, drinking water, or dental treatments-also helps protect teeth binding with enamel to make it more stronger. Besides such daily dental hygiene, routine visits to your dentist promote oral wellness. Preventative services that he or she can do include fluoride treatments, sealant application, and scaling (scraping off the hardened plaque, also called tartar). The dentist may also perform such diagnostic services because x-ray imaging and oral cancer screening as well as a result treatment services as crowns, crowns, and bridges.

Maintaining oral hygiene should be a lifelong habit. An infant’s gums and, later, teeth should be kept clean by wiping them with a damp cloth or a soft toothbrush. But only a very small amount (the size of a pea) of toothpaste containing fluoride needs to be used since too much fluoride could be toxic to babies.

An adult who has partial or full dentures should additionally maintain good oral hygiene. Bridges and dentures have to be kept clean to reduce gum disease. Dentures must be relined and corrected by means of a dentist as essential to maintain proper fit therefore that the teeth do become red, swollen, and tender.

Brushing and flossing ought to be carried out entirely but not too vigorously. Challenging mechanical action might irritate or damage sensitive and painful oral tissues. Sore or bleeding gums might be advocated for the first few days after childbirth has been begun. Yet, bleeding continuing beyond 1 week should be taken to the eye of a dentist. As a general rule, any abnormal state that will not disappear after 10 days needs to be analyzed by a dentist.



Brushing ought to be carried out using a toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day and preferably after each and every meal and beverage. Effective cleaning must wash each tooth surface, inner tooth coating, and the flat chewing surfaces of tooth. To clean the inner and outer surfaces, the toothbrush ought to be held at a 45-degree angle against the gums and transferred back and forth in short strokes (no more than 1 toothwidth distance). To thoroughly clean the inside surfaces of the front teeth, the toothbrush should be kept vertically and the bristles at the tip (called the foot of the brush) moved gently along against each enamel. To clean out the chewing surfaces of the back teeth, then the brush ought to be kept flat and moved back and forth. Last, the tongue ought to be brushed having a back-to-front sweeping motion to remove food particles and bacteria that can sour the breath.

Toothbrushes wear out and may be replaced every three weeks. Consumers should look for toothbrushes with nylon, soft, curved bristles in a shape and size which allows them to reach all of tooth surfaces easily.

Maintaining a toothbrush might be tough for people with limited usage of their hands. The toothbrush handle may be modified by integrating it in a rubber band for easier gripping.


To begin, most of an 18-in (45-cm) strand of floss is wrapped around the next finger of one hand. A 1-in (2.5-cm) section is then grasped firmly between your thumb and forefinger of each hand. The floss has been eased between two teeth and functioned gently up and down several times using a massaging motion. At the gum line, the floss is curved around one tooth and the other with gentle sliding into the space between the tooth and gum. After each enamel touch is washed, a fresh section of floss is unwrapped from one hand because the used section of floss is wrapped around the second finger of the opposite hand. Flossing proceeds between tooth and supporting the last teeth. Flossing must be performed across the abutment (encourage ) teeth of a bridge and under any artificial teeth having a device called a floss threader.

For people that have difficulty handling floss, floss picks floss holders and also other types of inter-dental (between the teeth) cleaning guides, such as brushes and picks, are readily available.


Negative consequences arise from improper or infrequent cleaning and flossing. The major dental health issues are gingivitis, tartar, gingivitis, periodontitis, and tooth decay.

These bacteria use the sugar and starch from food particles from the mouth to produce acidity. Left to accumulate, this acid destroys the outer enamel of the tooth, irritates the teeth to the stage of bleeding, also produces foul breath. Plaque starts forming again on teeth to 12 hours following cleaning, hence cleaning a minimum of twice each day is crucial for adequate oral hygiene.

When plaque isn’t regularly removed by brushing and flossing, it hardens into a yellow or brown mineral deposit called tartar or calculus. This formation is crusty and gives additional rough surfaces for the increase of plaque. When tartar forms under the gumline, it can cause periodontal (gum) disease.

Gingivitis is an early form of periodontal disease, characterized by inflammation of the gums with painless bleeding during brushing and flossing. This frequent condition is conducive to proper dental treatments but if left untreated, it is going to progress to a serious periodontal disease, periodontitis.

Periodontitis is a gum disorder which destroys the structures behind the teeth, including bone loss. Without aid, the teeth can loosen up and may fall out or must be removed. To diagnose periodontitis, a dental practitioner looks for gums that are red, swollen, bleeding, and falling from the teeth, leaving widening spaces between teeth and exposed root canals vulnerable to rot.

A dentist may remove the decay and fill the cavity having an suitable dental material to restore and protect the toothleft untreated, the decay will enlarge, destroying the whole tooth and causing significant pain.

Normal results

With good brushing and flossing, oral hygiene may be maintained and oral health conditions could possibly be avoided. Elderly adults might no more assume that they will drop all their teeth in their life time. Regular oral care preserves eating and speech functions, thus prolonging the standard of life.

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